Once you negotiate the price of your new car, you may be surprised to see a final sales number that is hundreds, perhaps even thousands, higher than you originally negotiated. The bulk of these additional charges, or dealer fees, are required by law — such as tax, title and license fees. But some fees are completely up to the individual dealer and can be negotiated.
Dealer fees you can avoid and negotiate
Not every fee a dealer throws your way is mandatory or non-negotiable. Be prepared to reject unnecessary options and haggle the fees on the products you want.
Vehicle or dealer preparation fee
Vehicle or dealer preparation fees are extra charges that the dealer adds to get the car ready for delivery. These include washing the car, removing the “bump protectors” from the doors or disposing of the protective coverings for the seats or floor. This can cost hundreds of extra dollars, so it’s worth being aware of.
How to avoid: Unless the dealer has done something above and beyond basic preparation, refuse to pay these dealer fees.
Dealer-installed accessories and extended warranties
These extra items are paid for at the time of sale, but only if you requested them and determined that you are being charged a fair price for the item or service. These items might include a stolen vehicle recovery system — like LoJack — paint sealant or an aftermarket sound system or wheels.
How to avoid: If a dealer tries to charge you for any of these items and you did not request them, refuse to pay the associated fee. If you did request them, shop around to ensure that you are getting a fair price because you can obtain any of these items elsewhere after you own the car.
The VIN, or vehicle identification number, is the grouping of 17 characters that identifies your car. The process of VIN etching is done for security purposes. It etches the number onto the car’s windows. It can cost between $150 and $300, so it’s wise to avoid this additional cost and handle it on your own. This is one of the easiest fees to avoid, so be sure to be prepared to keep it from slipping through the paperwork cracks.
How to avoid: Say no to this additional fee and save money by going directly through a body shop for this service. You can even find a DIY kit online for around $20 to $40.
An extended warranty is an additional fee that can cover potential car repairs once the manufacturer’s warranty on the vehicle expires. But they aren’t necessary for every driver. If you are worried about the price of possible vehicle repairs, it may be wise to rethink the chosen vehicle. And if it is worth it, shop around instead of blindly going with the dealership’s offer.
How to avoid: Compare the cost of this fee with the probability that it will actually be used before signing off on it.
Guaranteed asset protection, or gap insurance, is an additional fee that you may be met with if you are leasing a vehicle. It covers the difference between the value of the car and the loan payments if the vehicle is totaled or stolen.
How to avoid: Unless you have a long loan term and put no money down, this fee is something you should avoid. Pay at least 20% on your down payment to ensure that it’s unlikely for you to become upside-down on your loan.
Unavoidable dealer fees
There are also dealer fees that you won’t be able to avoid, but you can prepare for them.
Tax, title and license fees
The title and license fees cover the process that it takes to get a vehicle title as well as the license plate. The price tag attached to the tax fee will depend on your state’s sales tax rate and cannot be negotiated.
Takeaway: To learn the process in your state, visit your state’s Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) website.
The documentation fee covers the cost of processing all the paperwork associated with a new car purchase and is something you will need to pay. Some states charge a flat fee for this item that is typically well under $100. Other states have no specific requirements, so a dealer can charge whatever it wants.
Takeaway: What you pay will vary based on your state and the dealer you work with. To get an idea of what’s standard, research local laws.
This fee covers the cost that it takes for the dealership to get the car from the factory. Kelley Blue Book notes that these fees can run upwards of $1,700. According to Edmunds, picking up your vehicle at the factory won’t save you the destination charge — you’ll likely still have to pay the full amount.
Takeaway: This fee cannot be negotiated and will be a hefty part of the bill.